Calcium citrate is an organic salt that is produced from calcium and citric acid. It is produced by neutralizing the citric acid with calcium hydroxide, which yields calcium citrate and water as the products. Calcium citrate India and abroad, is also used in the industrial extraction of citric acid from its fermentation broth.
Uses of Calcium Citrate
Calcium citrate has numerous uses in the food and pharmaceutical industry.
1. Food Industry
Calcium citrate, in India, is a commonly used food additive that works as a preservative agent. But sometimes, it is also used to add flavor to certain food products. Calcium citrate is also commonly used in certain dietary supplements like Citral.
In medicine, calcium citrate is used to prevent or treat conditions like low calcium content in blood when a patient does not receive enough calcium from their diet. Calcium citrate is also used to treat serious conditions like osteoporosis, osteomalacia, hypoparathyroidism, and latent tetany. These diseases are a result of low calcium content in the body.
In pregnant women, calcium citrate is used as a calcium supplement to make sure that they receive the necessary amount of calcium for the health of the mother and fetus, especially if a pregnant woman is prescribed medicines like phenytoin, phenobarbital, or prednisone.
Calcium citrate is an important dietary supplement due to the fact that calcium is extremely necessary for the body to carry out certain physiological processes like blood clotting and proper muscle contractions.
Calcium citrate must be consumed only in the instructed amounts that is either provided by a certified doctor or mentioned on the bottles of over-the-counter calcium citrate medications. Calcium citrate must be consumed orally only. It may or may not be consumed with food depending on the instructions provided by a trained doctor.
These tablets may be either chewable, effervescent, or meant to be swallowed with water. Chewable tablets must be chewed properly before swallowing to prevent choking on them. The effervescent tablets must be allowed to dissolve completely in the required amount of water to be effective when consumed.
If the dosage is in the form of a powder or a liquid, the measurement of the dosage must be accurately made to prevent overdosing on the product. For this purpose, measuring devices and spoons must be used. For liquid dosages, the bottle must be shaken well before each use. All dosages should be regularly consumed in accordance with the accurate instructions provided.
Side-effects of Calcium Citrate
As with any medication, calcium citrate dosages are also known to have certain side-effects. In case a side effect gets worse or persists, medical help must be immediately sought. Most common side effects of calcium citrate are constipation and an upset stomach.
Though less likely, side effects may also include nausea or vomiting, appetite loss, unusual loss of weight, muscle pain, headache, constant thirst or urination, unusual mood fluctuations, weakness, and unusual weariness. These side effects are quite serious and must be immediately reported to a doctor.
While serious allergic reactions to this drug are very rare, it is still a possibility. In case of an allergic reaction, contact a medical health professional immediately. Symptoms of allergic reactions include itching, rashes, swelling of the face/hands/throat, severe dizziness, or the inability to breathe normally.
In case there is a pre-existing condition of an allergic reaction to this drug, the prescribing doctor must be notified before a treatment plan is formulated.
Certain brands of sodium citrate dihydrate are sold over-the-counter. However, these must only be consumed after reading and understanding the instructions carefully and thoroughly.
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